FIFA should act immediately on a series of critical recommendations made today in the first report published by its Human Rights Advisory Board, said Amnesty International.
The report, which assess FIFA’s progress on addressing human rights risks related to its operations, welcomes developments such as the organization’s adoption of a new human rights policy, but makes clear the board’s concern about the well-documented risks to workers in both Russia and Qatar.
On Qatar, the board calls on FIFA to make public its position and to use its influence with the Qatari government on the notorious “kafala” sponsorship system, echoing calls made by Amnesty International and other groups for several years.
“This report should be a wake-up call for FIFA, which has held back from using its considerable leverage with regard to Qatar’s abusive sponsorship system,” said James Lynch, Deputy Director of Global Issues at Amnesty International.
“This is FIFA’s own independent human rights advisory board telling it to take a clear position on Qatar’s laws, and to act on that. That work should start urgently – there can be no excuse for any lag.”
The report notes that FIFA’s responsibilities should go beyond just stadium construction to include the wider infrastructure necessary for the 2022 World Cup to take place. The board also demands more detailed information about “non-work related deaths” connected to the tournament.
Last month Qatar announced plans to carry out a series of labour reforms, supported by the UN International Labour Organization, which are welcome in principle. However, it remains unclear exactly how and when they will reform the kafala sponsorship system.
“FIFA’s pressure and scrutiny will be essential to ensuring that promises made by the Qatari government to the International Labour Organization are delivered on in full,” said James Lynch.
Report stops short on key areas
The report omits some key issues related to the Qatar 2022 World Cup. It does not call for FIFA to press Qatar to investigate the deaths of migrant workers and to abolish the abusive exit permit system, something Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have called for repeatedly.
“We would like to see some clearer language around key issues, like the exit permit and deaths of migrant workers. The board’s next report needs to be far more explicit on FIFA’s responsibilities around these issues,” said James Lynch.
FIFA has this year taken a series of institutional steps around human rights, including the publication of a human rights policy and the development of new bidding and hosting guidelines for future World Cups.
“FIFA has moved some distance from its position in 2013 and 2014 when its leadership suggested that human rights were not its responsibility. It is welcome that it has now articulated clearly that it will respect all recognized human rights, and that countries bidding for the World Cup will have to demonstrate that too,” said James Lynch.
“However, the organization cannot rest on its laurels – delivery against these policies will be what FIFA is judged on.”
Israel-Occupied Palestinian Territories
The human rights advisory board report – which was submitted to FIFA in September – called for the FIFA Council to ensure that its decision-making over the issue of Israeli clubs based in settlements in the occupied West Bank fully considered international human rights and humanitarian law standards.
Disappointingly, in October the FIFA Council closed this file without considering these issues despite the fact that FIFA’s own rules prevent any members from playing on the territory of another member without their authorization, and that there is international consensus on the illegality of settlements under international law.
FIFA’s Human Rights Advisory Board is composed of representatives of international organizations, human rights groups and trade unions.
Its first report includes a range of important recommendations, including that FIFA should in future: reduce the use of subcontractors in World Cup construction programmes; make sure that migrant workers do not pay recruitment fees; and seek justice and compensation for workers harmed in connection with the Russia and Qatar World Cup construction programmes.
In 2016 Amnesty International published research into abuse of migrant workers at a World Cup stadium in Qatar. Earlier this year, Human Rights Watch published a major report detailing conditions for workers constructing World Cup stadiums in Russia.